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Filippo Brunelleschi - Italian Artist From Art History

Art History - Historical Artists > B > Filippo Brunelleschi


Historical Artist - Filippo Brunelleschi (1377 - 1446)

Born in Florence, Filippo Brunelleschi was an incredibly talented and famous architect who assisted in the creation of the Renaissance style. He began his training as a goldsmith, participating in the competition to produce the doors of the Florence Baptistery from 1401 to 1402. However, he was one of the many artists who were defeated by Ghiberti in that contest. Following his defeat, Brunelleschi abandoned sculpture for architecture, producing the dome Florence’s cathedral from 1420 to 1436. He was also a pioneer of perspective, exhibiting two paintings in 1413 that demonstrated the technique. All of his principal works are in Florence, Italy. Brunelleschi's interests extended to mathematics and engineering and the study of ancient invented hydraulic machinery and elaborate clockwork, none of which survives. Brunelleschi also designed fortifications for Florence in its military struggles against Pisa and Siena. Brunelleschi's body lies in the crypt of the Florence Cathedral.

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