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Giuseppe Maria Crespi - Italian Artist From Art History

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Historical Artist - Giuseppe Maria Crespi (1665 - 1747)

Giuseppe Maria Crespi was trained in the traditional and classical style, but rejected it to develop his own dramatic techniques that used tenets of humanism and emphasized chiaroscuro. The Bolognese painters Ludovico Carracci and Guernico also impacted his work. Crespi traveled to Venice in 1690 and then to Parma where he admired the frescoes of Correggio. He favored religious and historical subjects painted with thick paint and strong light and dark contrasts. Crespi opened a school in Bologna in 1700 were he influenced his many Venetian students. He went blind at the end of his life. Crespi is best known today as one of the main proponents of baroque genre painting in Italy. Italians, until the 17th century, had paid little attention to such themes, concentrating mainly on grander images from religion, mythology, and history, as well as portraiture of the mighty. In this they differed from Northern Europeans, specifically Dutch painters, who had a strong tradition in the depiction of everyday activities.

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