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Eug�ne Delacroix - French Artist From Art History

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Historical Artist - Eug�ne Delacroix (1798 - 1863)

Eugène Delacroix, son of a politician, was influenced by mentor, Guérin, and colleague, Géricault. He was inspired by Géricault’s use of movement and emphasis in his The Raft of the Medusa and incorporated those aspects into his paintings, notably The Massacre of Chios. Delacroix’s work received harsh reviews from critics who thought his work was overly violent and technically underdeveloped. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic.

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