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Max Ernst - German Artist From Art History

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Historical Artist - Max Ernst (1891 - 1976)

Max Ernst studied psychology at Bonn University. He associated with Arp, Macke, and the Blaue Reiter group and headlined the first Dada exhibition in 1919. He frequently used a technique called frottage, the rubbings of textured surfaces and combined unrelated images in one composition. Ernst spent part of World War II in a Nazi prison camp, and then lived the remainder of his life in the United States. A prolific artist, Ernst is considered to be one of the primary pioneers of the Dada movement and Surrealism. Ernst developed a fascination with birds that was prevalent in his work. His alter ego in paintings, which he called Loplop, was a bird. He suggested this alter-ego was an extension of himself stemming from an early confusion of birds and humans.

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