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Domenico Ghirlandaio - Italian Artist From Art History

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Historical Artist - Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449 - 1494)

Domenico Ghirlandaio originally trained as a goldsmith under his father, Tommaso Bigordi. However, he later studied painting and mosaic under his uncle Alesso Bigordi. Beginning in 1475, Ghirlandaio painted his recognized frescoes and wood panels. In 1481, he was called upon by Pope Sixtus VI to come to Rome and create religious paintings. He headed a studio that taught many young artists, including Michelangelo. Ghirlandaio's compositional schema were simultaneously grand and decorous, in keeping with 15th century's restrained and classicizing experimentation. His chiaroscuro, in the sense of realistic shading and three-dimensionalism, was reasonably advanced, as were his perspectives, which he designed on a very elaborate scale by eye alone, without the use of sophisticated mathematics. His color is more open to criticism, but such evaluation applies less to the frescoes than the tempera paintings, which are sometimes too broadly and crudely bright. One of the great legacies of Ghirlandaio is that he is commonly credited with having given some early art education to Michelangelo, who cannot, however, have remained with him long. Francesco Granacci is another among his best-known pupils.

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