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James Smith Morland - South African Artist From Art History

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Historical Artist - James Smith Morland (1846 - 1921)

James Smith Morland was born in Liverpool, England 1846 - 1921

Art Education
1868-78: Elementary and Advanced Drawing at Gov District Art School, Liverpool; Liverpool Academy of Arts

Short Artist Biography
Descended from a family of artists which included George N-Sorland.
1862-78: James Smith Morland apprenticed at the age of 16 to a Liverpool general merchant; studied art during this period: won scholarship and medal.
1578: James Smith Morland commenced a professional career as an outdoor painter in North Wales; confined himself to watercolour; elected member of Liverpool Academy and Liverpool Watercolour Society; first President of Liverpool Sketch Club.
1880: one of his watercolours was hung on the line at the Royal Academy
1883: James Smith Morland got married; during the next five years painted many narrative watercolours.
1888: James Smith Morland came to the Cape Town to take up appointment as painting instructor at Vredenburg High School for Girls. Cape Town; acted as Critic for South African Drawing Club: mentor and sponsor of Gwelo Goodman; taught art at several other Cape Town schools; continued to exhibit on Royal Academy.
1902: Founder-member and First President of Society of South African Artists.
1903: James Smith Morland returned to his family in England; worked in Kent.
1905: finding the climate too severe, James Smith Morland brought his family with him to settle at the Cape; continued to paint and teach until his death.
1917: James Smith Morland was included in Roworth's essaw on 'SA Landscape Painting' in the Studio pub 'Art of the British Empire overseas'.

Art Exhibitions
1880: Royal Academy; regularly thereafter.
1902: first South African Society of Artists Exhibitions, Cape Town.
1977: South African National Gallery, Cape Town retrospective exhibition.

Public Art Collections
South African National Gallery, Cape Town; Pretoria Art Museum, Julius Gordon Africana Centre, Riversdale; Albany Museum. Grahamstown; Liverpool Art Gallery; Imperial Institute, London


Berman, E. 1994. Art & Artists of South Africa . Southern Book Publishers.

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